MassMutual Jr.Space Camp


Launch of Space Shuttle (The installations clasping the Space Shuttle will loose when
the Space Shuttle reaches a certain push level)
Separation of Solid Rocket Boosters
Separation of External Tank
Satellite Release or other space missions
Return to Earth



(Image Credit: NASA)


(1) Two Solid Rocket Boosters (SRBs)

Two Solid Rocket Boosters (SRBs) are necessary to launch the Space Shuttle, providing most of the thrust by working in parallel with the Shuttle's main engines to lift off the Space Shuttle during the first two minutes of the flight, and in order to achieve ‘escape velocity’ and overcome the Earth's gravitational pull. At an altitude of approximately 45 km, the SRBs separate from the orbiter and external tank. Parachutes are then deployed and the SRBs splash down in the Atlantic Ocean downrange, where they are retrieved by naval vessels and reused in subsequent operations.


(Image Credit: NASA)


(2) External Tank (ET)

The External Tank is used to hold fuel for the Shuttle's main engines, supplying the liquid fuel and oxidizer under pressure to the main engines located at the rear of the obiter. This is the only one of the three main components of the Space Shuttle that will not be reused. The ET is almost empty as it reaches the altitude of 113km, where it separates from the orbiter and falls harmlessly into the ocean.


(Image Credit: NASA)


(3) Orbiter

The orbiter is the most important part of the Space Transportation System. It is mainly used for carrying crew members (usually 7 crew members) and other equipment into space, and is designed to be reused during subsequent Space Shuttle missions.

(Image Credit: NASA) (Image Credit: NASA)
 
 
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